RESULTS OF RESECTION METHODS OF TREATMENT IN PATIENTS
WITH GIANT PYLORODUODENAL ULCERS COMPLICATED
BY PERFORATION AND BLEEDING
Kosenkov A., Stoliarchuk E., Belykh E., Sokolov R., Mayorova E., Vinokurov I.
Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation; Federal Research and Clinical Center of Physical-Chemical Medicine
of Federal Medical Biological Agency, Moscow, Russian Federation
We studied the immediate and long-term results of various methods of gastric resection in 35 patients operated at the S.S. Yudin State Medical Center in Moscow from 2000 to 2019. 20 (57.1%) patients were operated on for perforation, and 15 (42.6%) patients underwent surgery for ulcerative bleeding. There were 27 (77.2%) males and 8 (22.8%) females. The average age of patients was 48.3±2.3 years. The diagnosis of peptic ulcer disease was previously made in 24 (68.6%) patients, the duration of the disease was 7.7±2.7 years. Of the 35 patients, 29 (82.8%) underwent standard gastric resection without vagotomy with Billroth-II anastomosis in various modi cations and 6 (17.2%) underwent pylorobulbar resection with Billroth-I anastomosis with bilateral stem vagotomy. According to the analysis of the results of surgical interventions, gastric resection was accompanied by a signi cant number of early postoperative complications observed in 18 (51.4% of patients): associated with the nature of the operation, 10 and 5 patients had com-plications from the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. The most frequent complication due to the nature of surgery was a clinically signi cant violation of the evacuation function of the stomach stump, which developed in 8 of 35 (22.8%) patients. In 4 patients after pylorobulbar resection, the violation of the evacuation function of the stump was due to its parasympathetic denervation. The remaining 4 patients after standard resection of gastric stasis stump occurred due to maintenance of anastomositis of gastrojejunal anastomosis. Post-vagotomic diarrhea: observed in 3 of 6 patients: 1 patient of moderate severity, and 2 patients-mild. Failure of sutures was observed in 2 out of 35 (5.7%) patients after standard gastric resection: one after resection of Hofmeister Finsterer and the other after resection for PY.
Complications from the cardiovascular system were observed in 5 (14.3%) patients. After surgery, 5 (22.7%) patients died: 4 after resection of 2/3 of the stomach and 1 patient after pyloroduodenal resection with stem vagotomy. All the deceased were operated on urgently: 2 patients for perforation of giant ulcers and 3 patients for continuing profuse bleeding. The causes of death of patients operated on for bleeding were: myocardial infarction in 1 patient, pulmonary embolism in 2 patients. Another 2 patients with failure of duodenal stump sutures, operated on for perforation of giant ulcers, died from increasing cardiovascular insu ciency. The analysis of long-term results of surgical interventions showed a steady decrease in the number of post gastric resection and post-vagotomic disorders, as well as the absence of ulcer recurrence. It should be noted that the phenomena of dumping syndrome observed in patients after standard gastric resection were not severe and were corrected by a lax diet. After piloroduodenal resection with anastomosis by Billroth-I and stem vagotomy, manifestations of gastrostasis and diarrhea were stopped in the remote postoperative period. When assessing the quality of life, there were no unsatisfactory results, all previously operated patients led their usual lifestyle, maintained their working capacity, and did not require re-hospitalization.